George Washington

George Washington was an important historical figure in the American History. He was in the Continental Congress, Second Continental Congress, the Continental Army, and many battles.



Timeline of events involving Washington

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Image 1

1774
In 1774, Washington was made a delegate on the Continental Congress. The Continental Congress met in Philadelphia from September 5th to October 26, 1774. The Congress passed three important resolutions. These included endorsing the Suffolk Resolves, approving an economic boycott against Great Britain, and adopting a petition to the King detailing colonial rights and grievances. The Congress didn't like the King's ruling and they wanted their freedom. They wanted to not have to follow the king's rule anymore, and they wanted to be under their own rule.

1775
In 1775, Washington served as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. The Second Continental Congress is also known as the Confederation Congress. The Second Continental Congress is a convention of delegates from the thirteen colonies, that started meeting in Philadelphia on May 10.
Also The Second ContinentalCongress managed the colonial war effort, and moved towards independence. They also adopted the United States Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. Other things they did was raise armies, instruct strategies, choose diplomats, and make formal treaties. On June 14 he became general of the Continenal Army.

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Image 2

1776
In March 1776, a battle was fought in Boston and the British army evacuated and headed to New York. During this time period the White Plains battle also took place. This battle took place in New York in the month of October. After the battle was done Washington retreated to Pennsylvania. On Christmas Day, George led his troops across the Delaware River.

1777
In January 1777, Washington and his troops attacked at Princeton and for the first time caused the British line to break.

1778
By 1778 Washington had a great understanding of military strategy. One of the strategies was knowing how to capture ground. Washington's strategic tool was the Continental Army. The Continental Army was formed after the first outbreak of the American Revolutionary War.

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Image 3

1779
A peace plan was approved by Congress showing independence and the British evacuation from America.

1781
Washington made the most brilliant decision of war, when he marched his army south from New York to join the French and Continental forces to surround a British army commanded by General Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virgina. At Yorktown the British surrenderd on October 19. This led to the end of the war and the signing of the treaty of Paris.

1783
On Novemeber 2, Washington leaves the army and then on December 23 resigns from the Second Continental Congress.


Battles that Washington was involved in include:

Boston Campaign:
- Siege of Boston
- Fortification of Dochester Heights

New York and New Jersey Campaign:
- Battle of Long Island
- Landing at Kips bay
- Battle of Harlem Heights
- Battle of White Plains
- Battle of Trenton
- Battle of Assunpink Creek
- Battle of Princeton

Philadelphia Campaign:
- Battle of Bradywine
- Battle of the clouds
- Battle of Germantown
- Battle of White Marsh
- Battle of Monmouth

Yorktown Campaign:
- Siege of Yorktown


SC3 - Historical Thinking Model - Image 2
Image 2 is painted by artist, Emanuel Leutze. It was painted in the year of 1851. The year the picture was painted connects to the year of what the picture is showing because only a few years after Washington had led his troops across the Delaware River did the artist paint this picture. In the year of 1851 not much was going on in America. There may have been very small things here and there, but overall they were just expanding and building their country larger and better. Many things happened prior to when the picture was painted. These things include the Continental Congress, the Second Continental Congress, and the Continental Army all forming. Also a battle between the colonists and the British took place in Boston, MA and also the American Revolution was starting. The years after this painting many events also took place. These included a battle at Princeton, the American Revolution, a peace plan, the British to surrender in Yorktown, Virginia, and Washington resigning from the army and the Second Continental Congress. The event that is happening in this picture is Washington leading his troops across the Delaware River. Also there are many people in the boat and it appears as though they are working very hard to get across the river, and you can tell that they are American because obviously Washington is leading them and they have American flags along with them in the boats. The information portrayed in the picture is similar to what I have learned while researching my topic because they both show or explain Washington taking part in the work towards America's freedom, and also they both give information on how Washington was a leader and was very involved in American History.

Citations:
Text:
- Hamilton, Neil A. "Washington, George." Presidents: A Biographical Dictionary. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2001. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE52&iPin=PRE002&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 13, 2012).
- Halperin, Terri. "First Continental Congress." In Gilje, Paul A., and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: Revolution and New Nation, 1761 to 1812, Revised Edition (Volume III). New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2010. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp? ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHIII092&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 13, 2012).
- Halperin, Terri. "Second Continental Congress." In Gilje, Paul A., and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: Revolution and New Nation, 1761 to 1812, Revised Edition (Volume III). New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2010. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp? ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHIII091&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 13, 2012).
- Broyles, Rita M. "Continental army." In Gilje, Paul A., and Gary B. Nash, eds. Encyclopedia of American History: Revolution and New Nation, 1761 to 1812, Revised Edition (Volume III). New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2010. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp? ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHIII089&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 13, 2012).
Image 1:
"George Washington Takes Command of the Continental Army." National Archives and Records Administration. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE52&iPin=2091&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 13, 2012).
Image 2:
"George Washington Crosses the Delaware River." National Archives and Records Administration. Special Media Archives Services Division. American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE52&iPin=AHI0619&SingleRecord=True (accessed February 13, 2012).
Image 3:
URL:http://www.wcc.hawaii.edu/facstaff/nuckols-j/American_Revolution.jpg
Source:University of Hawaii